First Laws Controlling Gender Roles & Gender Identity
When I think about it, the first laws controlling gender roles and gender identity date back only 200 years. This shows that our society has been pretty inconsistent in its views on gender over time, with some eras being more tolerant than others.
A quick search through human history will show you how drastically this was true at different points throughout time--for example the ancient Greeks or Mayan people – both cultures had strict social norms for men versus women which they enforced by law.
On the other hand, gender roles were fluid back in the medieval era (476 A.D. to 1485), and far from set in stone. Both literary and real figures openly questioned traditional gender roles, and there was much debate around what it meant to be a man or a woman.
Gender identity was also fluid, as people of either sex were able to dress in clothing traditionally associated with the opposite gender. Other ancient societies have also shown this fluidity, such as the Aztecs and many Native American tribes.